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एनसीईआरटी प्राचीन, मध्यकालीन और आधुनिक इतिहास का संकलन : यूपीएससी परीक्षा हेतु पीडीऍफ़ बुक | Compilation of NCERT Ancient, Medieval and Modern History : For UPSC Exam PDF Book

एनसीईआरटी प्राचीन, मध्यकालीन और आधुनिक इतिहास का संकलन : यूपीएससी परीक्षा हेतु पीडीऍफ़ बुक | Compilation of NCERT Ancient, Medieval and Modern History : For UPSC Exam PDF Book


Name of Book :  Compilation of NCERT Ancient, Medieval and Modern History / एनसीईआरटी प्राचीन, मध्यकालीन और आधुनिक इतिहास का संकलन 

Hope This Compilation of NCERT Ancient, Medieval and Modern History Book will Step up you to Succeed / आशा करते हैं एनसीईआरटी प्राचीन, मध्यकालीन और आधुनिक इतिहास का संकलन पुस्तक आपके कदम सफलता की ओर ले जायगी

Language of Book : English

Size of Ebook : 15.9 MB

Total pages in ebook : 299

Ebook Downloading Status  : Best 
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Description about eBook : Indian Tradition of History Writing

One of the most interesting aspect of the study of history is knowing the history of history writing itself. It gives you an idea how history itself can be moulded by interpretation. How same data and the same evidence get completely different meaning in the hands of different scholars. In this chapter, we are going to learn precisely this aspect of ancient Indian history. We shall study when and how the writing of ancient Indian history began and how it progressed, traversing different paths over a long period of time. Many foreign scholars opined that Indians had no sense of history writing and whatever was written in the name of history is nothing more than a story without any sense. This appears to be a very harsh judgement. To say that Indians had no consciousness about their own history and no sense of writing history is simply incorrect. The knowledge of history was given a very high place in ancient India.·It was accorded sanctity equal to a Veda. Atharvaveda, Brahmanas and Upanishads include Itihas-Purana as one of the branches of knowledge. Kautilya in his Arthashastra (fourth century B.C.) advises the king to devote a part of his time everyday for hearing the narrations of history. According to the Puranas, following are the subject matters of history: sarga (evolution of universe), pratisarga (involution of universe), manvantantar (recurring of time), vamsa (genealogical list of kings and sages), and vamsanucharita (life stories of some selected characters). The Puranic literature is very vast and we have 18 main Puranas, 18 subsidiary Puranas and a large number of other books. It is interesting to note that in all the Puranas royal genealogies are dealt with the reign of Parikshit, the grandson of Arjun, as a benchmark. All the earlier dynasties and kings have been mentioned in past tense. While the latter kings and dynasties have been narrated in future tense. This may be because of the fact that the coronation of Parikshit marks the beginning of Kali Age. Many scholars think that this also points to the fact that perhaps the Puranas were completed during the reign of Parikshit. In the context of the Puranas it may be remembered that in ancient India, Itihas was looked upon as a means to illuminate the present and future in the light of the past. The purpose of history was to understand ‘and inculcate a sense of duty and sacrifice by individuals to their families, by the families to their clans, by the clans to their villages and by the villages to Janapada and Rashtra and ultimately to the whole humanity. History was not meant to be an exhaustive compendium of the names of the kings and dynasties and their achievements etc. It was treated as a powerful vehicle of awakening of cultural and social consciousness. It was perhaps, for this reason that the narration of Puranas were a part of the annual ritual in every village and town during the rainy season and at the time of festivals. The Puranas may not satisfy the modern definition of historiography or those who wrote it may not have been aware of the “historian’s crafts”, but they were fully aware of the purpose of their work and the purpose of history itself. Many historians like F.E. Pargitar and H.C. Raychaudhury have attempted to write history. On the basis of genealogies of various dynasties given in Puranas. The Greek ambassador Megasthenese (in the court of Chandragupta Maurya c. 324-300 B.C.) testifies the existence of a list of 153 kings whose reigns had covered a period of about 6053 years up till then. Kalhana’s Rajatarangini is another work of history which is indeed a solitary example of its kind. It enjoys great respect among the historians for its approach and historical content.............

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