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फोरम IAS भारतीय समाज और सामाजिक मुद्दे : यूपीएससी परीक्षा हेतु पीडीऍफ़ बुक | Forum IAS Indian Society and Social Issues : For UPSC Exam PDF Book

फोरम IAS भारतीय समाज और सामाजिक मुद्दे : यूपीएससी परीक्षा हेतु पीडीऍफ़ बुक | Forum IAS Indian Society and Social Issues : For UPSC Exam PDF Book


Name of Book :  Forum IAS Indian Society and Social Issues / फोरम IAS भारतीय समाज और सामाजिक मुद्दे 

Hope This Forum IAS Indian Society and Social Issues Book will Step up you to Succeed / आशा करते हैं फोरम IAS भारतीय समाज और सामाजिक मुद्दे पुस्तक आपके कदम सफलता की ओर ले जायगी

Language of Book : English

Size of Ebook : 4.31 MB

Total pages in ebook : 153

Ebook Downloading Status  : Best 
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  • On the political and economic front, tribal societies were faced with the incursion of money lenders.
  • They were also losing their land to non-tribal immigrant settlers, and their access to forests because of the government policy of reservation of forests and the introduction of mining operations.
  • Following the various rebellions in tribal areas in then eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the colonial government set up ‘excluded’ and ‘partially excluded’ areas, where the entry of nontribals was prohibited or regulated. In these areas, the British favored indirect rule through local kings or headmen.
  • The famous isolation versus integration debate of the 1940s built upon this standard picture of tribal societies as isolated wholes.
  • The isolationist side argued that tribals needed protection from traders, moneylenders and Hindu and Christian missionaries, all of whom were intent on reducing tribals to detribalised landless labour.
  • The integrationists, on the other hand, argued that tribals were merely backward Hindus, and their problems had to be addressed within the same framework as that of other backward classes.
  • This opposition dominated the Constituent Assembly debates, which were finally settled along the lines of a compromise which advocated welfare schemes that would enable controlled integration.
  • The subsequent schemes for tribal development – five year plans, tribal sub-plans, tribal welfare blocks, special multipurpose area schemes all continue with this mode of thinking.
  • But the basic issue here is that the integration of tribes has neglected their own needs or desires; integration has been on the terms of the mainstream society and for its own benefit.
  • The tribal societies have had their lands, forests taken away and their communities shattered in the name of development.........

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